By Antonio Sagona, Paul Zimansky

Scholars of antiquity frequently see historic Turkey as a bewildering array of cultural complexes. old Turkey brings jointly in a coherent account the various and sometimes fragmented facts, either archaeological and textual, that varieties the root of our wisdom of the improvement of Anatolia from the earliest arrivals to the tip of the Iron Age.
Much new fabric has lately been excavated and in contrast to Greece, Mesopotamia, and its different neighbours, Turkey has been poorly served by way of finished, up to date and available discussions of its historic earlier. old Turkey is a far wanted source for college kids and students, supplying an updated account of the common and large archaeological job in Turkey.
Covering the total span prior to the Classical interval, totally illustrated with over one hundred sixty photographs and written in vigorous prose, this article is going to be loved by way of a person attracted to the archaeology and early heritage of Turkey and the traditional close to East.
'a well-written and easy-to-read quantity that each scholar and pupil of historical Anatolia should have on their bookshelf.' – Claudia Glatz, Bulletin of the yankee colleges of Oriental Research
'...a a lot urged purchase.' – Archeologie

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Ancient Turkey

Scholars of antiquity frequently see historical Turkey as a bewildering array of cultural complexes. historic Turkey brings jointly in a coherent account the various and sometimes fragmented proof, either archaeological and textual, that kinds the root of our wisdom of the advance of Anatolia from the earliest arrivals to the top of the Iron Age.

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5 Middle Palaeolithic stone tools from Karain Cave, Levels F and I (adapted from Otte et al. 1995c) 20 PA L A E O L I T H I C A N D E P I PA L A E O L I T H I C wolves, foxes, and hyenas, which also used the cave for shelter; (d) intrusions—animals (small birds, hares, hedgehogs among others) that could have been transported to the cave by predators and raptors. While a few animals have an ambiguous position, whether as prey of human or animal predators, this analysis does show some clear patterns.

NEW PERSPECTIVES ON THE NEOLITHIC FROM TURKEY Despite the intense interest that post-Pleistocene adaptations have generated over the last few decades, Anatolia was seen until recently as the “Cinderella” region of the Neolithic Near East, suffering from undeserved neglect at the expense of the Levantine corridor, which is deemed by some to be the core area of development and innovation. 19 Even when the irrefutable and indeed dazzling evidence of an Anatolian Neolithic began to appear in the 1960s at Çayönü, Çatalhöyük, and Hacılar, researchers were reluctant to promote these sites to the front line in the “Neolithization” process, attempting instead to explain their existence as outliers involved in the highland trade of obsidian.

As we shall see later, however, the very beginnings of sedentary life were not based on the intensive exploitation of cereals, but on a subsistence strategy that drew on a range of food resources. Even so, the significance of wheat and barley in shaping the trajectory and character of Near Eastern society will become very apparent when we examine the emergence of complex societies. In essence, the ability to produce food surpluses from the fertile lands of Greater Mesopotamia and its neighbors provided elite groups with both wealth and power.

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