By Christine Isom-Verhaaren

In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to town of great. The operation, lower than the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here based on a request from François I of France for the aid of Sultan Süleyman the really good in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused severe condemnation on non secular grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from authorized international relations. stories of the Crusades have been, in the end, nonetheless a great deal alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel locations the occasions of 1543 and the following wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the ability politics of the 16th century. hoping on modern Ottoman and French assets, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early smooth period. the result's crucial examining for college students and students of eu historical past, Ottoman stories, and of family members among the Christian and Islamic worlds.

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Extra resources for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)

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With the English expelled from France and the Ottomans in control of Constantinople, both the Ottomans and the French could and soon did turn their desire for expansion towards the Italian peninsula, parts of which they claimed they had inherited the right to rule. Italy was attractive both because of its wealth and because its political fragmentation left it vulnerable to conquest by its more powerful neighbors. But control of Italy was ultimately won by the sultan’s and the king’s rival of the sixteenth century, the Holy Roman Emperor.

During this period joint Ottoman-French naval expeditions fought against the emperor or his allies. Thus the Ottoman fleet frequently appeared in the western Mediterranean as well as the eastern portion of the sea. 36 Consequently, after 1536, a French ambassador was usually resident in Istanbul. 37 An Ottoman attack on Corfu led Venice in 1538 to agree to an alliance, known as the Holy League, with the pope against the Ottoman Empire, which included Charles V. indd 40 4/20/2011 2:58:56 PM OTTOMAN INVOLVEMENT IN EUROPEAN A LLIANCES 41 to regain Milan, led him to agree to peace with Charles V.

Although plans for a crusade were proposed as part of the election rivalry of François and Charles, the French court’s enthusiasm for them diminished after Charles won the imperial election in 1519. 18 François I and Charles V employed military forces, diplomacy, and propaganda as they battled for preeminence in Europe. They struggled almost continuously to control Italy until 1529, when the treaties of that year established an uneasy peace between them. Both rulers took advantage of the actions of their opponent when attempting to influence potential allies.

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