By Vera P. Moutafchieva

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Extra resources for Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th Centuries

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Although, in the remaining registers that are available, details regarding transfer are extremely scarce, from the Sofia ledger, however, we are able to establish, for example, that of the total of fiftyone estates described in it, only eight were "inherited. "200 This repre~ sented about one-sixth of all the timars in the Sofia area, a proportion similar to that obtained from the analysis of the Arvanid area. The register for the Turnovo area, which contains only incidental notes regarding transfer, records only one case of "inheritance" of a timar.

The remaining timars in Kichevo were wholly distributed by the beylerbey, although a, part of some were almost twice as large as a tezkereli timar. 208 The same inconsistencies can be observed in the register of Arvanid, where timar holders either held tiny estates with the sultan's permission209 on the one hand, or receive timars or parts of such "on the strength of a letter from the sancakbey, "210 "granted by Harnza Bey, "211 "with the permission ofishak bey," and so on. 212 The facts set out, which have been gathered from records of the fifteenth century, an epoch when the timar had hardly established itself as a system of land ownership, demonstrate unequivocally that the system in question did not need centuries to reach a state of total chaos.

For which a fine according to the social position of the culprit is envisaged, confirms its similarity to Burgundian and Salic law. 91 No less typical is the circumstance that, for the section that partially describes the obligations of the already dependant peasant to his timar holder, the legislator could fmd no other title than "Section Four of the Law of Mahmet Khan. " The remaining decrees that determine the feudal obligations of the peasant are to be found in an appendix obviously added at a later date.

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