By Bruce L. Mouser
"Of the masses of logbooks and journals i've got tested, this is often the main necessary for the slave exchange in western Africa.... [Mouser's] exhaustive historical past examine and enhancing are exemplary." -- George BrooksCaptain Samuel Gamble's log comprises the list of a slaving enterprise to Africa and Jamaica that just about failed. it's the most effective firsthand narratives of the slave exchange to outlive. Bruce Mouser's faithfully transcribed and punctiliously annotated version of Gamble's log presents a haunting point of view on slave buying and selling on the finish of the 18th century. Gamble was once captain of the British service provider Sandown. in the course of 1793--1794, the send launched into a advertisement enterprise from England to top Guinea in West Africa to shop for slaves and delivery them on the market in Kingston, Jamaica. Gamble describes transport before everything of the Anglo-French struggle in 1793, naval and nautical methods for the English-African-West Indian alternate, and the slave-trading styles and associations at the African coast and at Kingston, Jamaica. He recounts to boot a yellow fever epidemic that swept the Atlantic and crippled trade on each side of the sea. Mouser's vast annotations position Gamble's account in historic context and clarify for the reader Gamble's observations on trade, sickness, and African peoples alongside the higher Guinea coast.
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Extra info for A Slaving Voyage to Africa and Jamaica: The Log of the Sandown, 1793-1794
See Patrick O’Brian, Nelson’s Navy: The Ship, Men and Organization 1793–1815 (London: Conway Maritime Press, 1989), 269. Basil Lubbock (“Seamen,” in Trade Winds, 111–112) noted that the Greenland commerce, or whaling industry, was a principal “nursery” of seamen, where sailors learned the art of sailing and working. Seamen attached to the Greenlanders also were known to be valiant ﬁghters, and perhaps in consequence the Royal Navy would have considered these vessels capable of defending themselves.
44. Steel’s List . . 1794, 9, listed the Iris as a frigate of 32 guns. 45. It was customary practice that if a merchant ship had not received written approval (protection from impressment) to recruit seamen, those seamen on board such a vessel were liable for involuntary draft into the British navy. In this case, with many ships collecting at harbor to join a convoy out to sea and with many not yet having ofﬁcial “protection” to recruit seamen for the voyage, Royal Navy vessels could impress seamen at will.
Royal vessels were required before 1794 to remain with the convoy and only after that date were permitted to “give chase” against hostile vessels that might be shadowing the ﬂeet, perhaps hoping for a stray vessel to fall behind and become easy prey. The most dangerous time for a convoy was when the entire group left A Journal of the Good Ship Sandown 19 [9v] Names and numbers of the Buoys90 &c from the Nord Nord to Oxfordness Colour No depth at L[ow] Watr Shewberry Black 1 4 fms Mouse [*] Do 2 4 fms Middle [*] Do 3 3 fms Ridge in Whitaker Chl [*] Red 4 12 feet WBuxey Raysand [*] Black 5 8 feet Wallot Buoy Spitway Red 6 3 fms Swin Spitway Black 7 3 fms Heeps White 8 3 fms Gunﬂeet [*] Black 9 4 fms Ruff Red 10 3 fms Whiting White 11 3 fms or approached harbor, because the “prowling privateer was most active” in those locations.