By Malcolm Wanklyn

An army heritage of the English Civil struggle examines how the civil struggle used to be gained, who fought for whom, and why it ended. With an easy type and transparent chronology that permits readers to make their very own decisions and pursue their very own pursuits additional, this unique historical past presents a radical critique of the explanations which have been brought up for Parliament's victory and the King's defeat in 1645/46. It discusses the strategic techniques of the Parliamentary and Royalist commanders and councils of struggle and analyses the selections they made, arguing that the King's defective command constitution used to be extra chargeable for his defeat than Sir Thomas Fairfax's strategic aptitude. It additionally argues that the way in which that assets have been used, instead of the assets themselves, clarify why the conflict ended while it did.

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2 Oman, Art of War in the Sixteenth Century, 568. 3 The bayonet inserted into the end of the musket barrel was not used until the second half of the seventeenth century. 4 Firth, Cromwell’s Army, 89–90. 5 Hughes, Firepower, 3; Young, English Civil War Armies, 9. 6 Quoted in Firth, Cromwell’s Armies, 85. 7 Danskin, ‘Battle of Wittstock’, 24–7. 8 Dupuy and Dupuy, Collins Encyclopaedia of Military History, 572; Gush, Army Lists 1420–1700, 36. qxd 17/09/2004 12:38 Page 36 INTRODUCTION tended to be used to guard the artillery train, where a length of lighted match carelessly employed could easily cause a catastrophic explosion.

As a result, they took up an inordinate amount of space in the line of battle and were liable to suffer heavier casualties as infantry firepower increased. qxd 17/09/2004 12:38 Page 31 III u Battlecraft in seventeenth-century Europe caused by musket or cannon fire. 13 Harquebusiers were so called because they had originally carried an arquebus, a lighter ancestor of the musket, but by 1600 the individual harquebusier would normally have been armed with a backsword and two pistols or a carbine (a short musket 3 feet in length).

Qxd 17/09/2004 12:38 Page 31 III u Battlecraft in seventeenth-century Europe caused by musket or cannon fire. 13 Harquebusiers were so called because they had originally carried an arquebus, a lighter ancestor of the musket, but by 1600 the individual harquebusier would normally have been armed with a backsword and two pistols or a carbine (a short musket 3 feet in length). His protective armour was less heavy than that of a cuirassier or a lancer. Ideally, he would have been equipped with helmet, back- and breastplate, a buff leather coat, a metal gauntlet or leather vambrace to protect the rein hand, and sometimes a gorgette to defend the neck, but what he actually wore depended on circumstances, such as the ability of an armaments industry to respond to the massive increase in demand at the start of a war.

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