By Marian Klamer
Teiwa is a non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language spoken at the island of Pantar, in jap Indonesia, situated simply north of Timor island. It has approx. 4,000 audio system and is extremely endangered. whereas the non-Austronesian languages of the Alor-Pantar archipelago are truly with regards to one another, as indicated through the numerous obvious cognates and the very comparable pronominal paradigms came across around the crew, their genetic dating to different Papuan languages is still debatable. situated a few 1,000 km from their putative Papuan buddies at the New Guinea mainland, the Alor-Pantar languages are the main far-off westerly Papuan outliers. A grammar of Teiwa provides a grammatical description of 1 of those 'outlier' languages. The ebook is established as a reference grammar: after a basic creation at the language, it audio system and the linguistic scenario on Alor and Pantar, the grammar builds up from an outline of the language's phonology and notice sessions to its higher grammatical parts and their mutual relatives: nominal words, serial verb structures, clauses, clause combos, and knowledge constitution. whereas many Papuan languages are morphologically complicated, Teiwa is sort of analytic: it has just one paradigm of item marking prefixes, and one verbal suffix marking realis prestige. different typologically attention-grabbing positive factors of the language contain: (i) the presence of uvular fricatives and prevents, that's extraordinary for languages of jap Indonesia; (ii) the absence of trivalent verbs: transitive verbs decide upon a unmarried (animate or inanimate) item, whereas the extra player is expressed with a separate predicate; and (iii) the absence of morpho-syntactically encoded embedded clauses. A grammar of Teiwa relies on basic box info, amassed through the writer in 2003-2007. a range of glossed and translated Teiwa texts of varied style
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Teiwa
This name has also not featured in previous sources. Bajo/Bajau is the Austronesian language of the coastal nomadic communities located through most of Indonesia, also referred to as ‘sea gypsies’, who came from Sulawesi, through Flores, and settled on the coast near Kabir in the 1950’s, with a second wave of Bajo arriving in 1999, from East Timor. Bajo/Bajau communities are also found on Alor, and elsewhere throughout Indonesia (cf. Verheijen 1986, Walton 1986). 4. Notes on the history of Alor and Pantar The Alor archipelago was part of pre-colonial trading routes that existed between Timor, the Moluccas, Java, Sulawesi, China, Vietnam, and India.
6. Anthropological notes 19 Each desa (usually a cluster of several hamlets) also has a kepala desa ‘village head’. Village heads represent the local government, and are elected every four years. A woman can be elected as village head — in Pantar there are a few examples of female village heads. The naming practice is as follows. When an individual is asked for his/her name, the first name given is the name of the tribe, then one’s given name, followed by the father’s family name. For example, Teiwa Jance Wa’ang refers to an individual from the Teiwa clan named Jance, who through his father belongs to the family Wa’ang.
Regarding the position of verbal modifiers, various patterns exist, as is usual for verb-final languages (see Ch. 7). As manner adverbs are generally considered to be the least flexible in their position with respect to the verb (Dryer 2007a:81), I only discuss the expression of manner here. Teiwa manner is commonly expressed by a serial verb construction, where the manner verb precedes the other verb(s), as in (10), where uri ‘look around searchingly’ expresses the manner of going. they go looking around searchingly seeing tei baq nuk la un baq yaa, iman bali si...