By Christopher Harper-Bill, Elisabeth van Houts
By the point of the Conquest, the Normans were tested in Normandy for over one hundred fifty years. that they had remodeled themselves from pagan Northmen into Christian princes; their territories prolonged from England, southern Italy and Sicily to far away Antioch, and their impression had unfold all through western Europe and the Mediterranean. Duke William's victory at Hastings and the ensuing Anglo-Norman union introduced England into the mainstream of ecu heritage and tradition, with far-reaching outcomes for Western civilisation. those specifically commissioned experiences are thinking about the achievements of the cross-Channel realm. They make a huge contribution to an figuring out of the hundred years that witnessed nice swap and significant advancements in English and Norman executive and society. There are surveys of the 2 constituent elements, of Normandy lower than the Angevin kings, of where of nation and duchy within the politics and tradition of the North Sea, and of the parallel Norman success within the Mediterranean. There are overviews either one of secular management and of the church, and a examine of 'feudalism' and lordship. in the wide box of cultural heritage, there are discussions of language, literature, the writing of heritage, and ecclesiastical structure. participants LESLEY ABRAMS, MATTHEW BENNETT, MARJORIE CHIBNALL, CHRISTOPHER HARPER-BILL, ELISABETH VAN HOUTS, EMMA MASON, RICHARD PLANT, CASSANDRA POTTS, DANIEL energy, IAN brief, ANN WILLIAMS.
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Additional info for A Companion to the Anglo-Norman World
Faull and M. Stinson, Domesday Book: Yorkshire, Chichester 1986, no. C10 and note, and appendix 3). 88 At first sight, this looks like an attempt by the Mercian brothers to stem the rise of their West Saxon rivals, but the situation may not have been so simple. There is some ambiguity in the role of Tostig’s brother, Earl Harold. 89 In his version, it is the king who defends Tostig, though without success. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and John of Worcester say merely that Harold acted as Edward’s envoy in negotiating with the malcontents, negotiations which ended in the confirmation of Morcar as earl, and Tostig’s exile to Flanders.
The direct influence of the West Saxon kings petered out at the Tees. The shires of Northumberland and County Durham are post-Conquest creations; before 1066, the regions were governed by the lords of Bamburgh and the bishops of Durham respectively. This circumstance helps to explain why the north-east was not surveyed in 1085–86; the Domesday survey used the pre-Conquest institutions of shire and hundred (or in the north, shire and wapentake) which did not exist there. West of the Pennines, a similar situation existed.
Christiansen, 49. On the meaning of ‘allod and property’ (in alodo et in fundo), see S. Reynolds, Fiefs and Vassals: the Medieval Evidence Reinterpreted, Oxford 1994, 136–140. Dudo, ed. Christiansen, 49. -F. Lemarignier, Recherches sur l’hommage en marche et les frontières féodales, Lille 1945, 74–85. D. Douglas, ‘Rollo of Normandy’, EHR lvii, 1942, 427–429. D. Bates, ‘West Francia: the Northern Principalities’, in The New Cambridge Medieval History, iii, ed. T. Reuter, Cambridge 1999, and Bates, Normandy Before 1066, London 1982, 2–43; E.