By C. G. Ivan Hussell, Alice F. Laing, G. L. Watt

A organic and mental history to schooling makes a speciality of man's actual and mental features which effect education.

The booklet first underscores the significance of man's organic heritage, the organic nature of guy, and the character of the important strategies. Discussions concentrate on respiratory, meals, item of important actions, features of guy as an animal, primate features, range of guy, public schooling, and human biology within the faculties. The ebook then examines the regulate of important procedures, replica and intercourse schooling, genetic components within the lifetime of guy, evolution and guy, and improvement and development.

The manuscript takes a glance at flow, posture, and workout, healthiness and the teacher's accountability, social background of guy, greater psychological procedures, and constitution of character. issues comprise social elements in character, remembering and forgetting, intelligence, notion, modern pressures in society, prevention of affliction, and the importance of levers within the body.

The book is designed for college students at faculties of schooling and schools of actual schooling.

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Sperms and ova are an exception to this and possess only 23 chromosomes each. The reduction in the number of chromosomes from 46 (diploid number, 55 56 BIOLOGICAL BACKGROUND TO EDUCATION characteristic of the species) to 23 (haploid number, following reduction division during the development of the sex cells) precedes the restoration of the species number when the sperm and ovum unite. Of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, one pair, the sex chromosomes, are responsible for determining sex; the remaining 22 pairs carry genes responsible for other characteristics, and they are called autosomes.

By the third month the foetus is twice its length at 2 months, and it weighs 300 g (10 oz). The sex of the foetus can also be ascertained by this time since the external genitalia are sufficiently evident. By the fourth month the foetal heart-beat can be heard, and foetal limb movements can be felt. After 7 months premature births can survive given special care. Facial Features evident, Limb Buds developing FIG. 9. Embryo in utero and enlarged drawing of embryo. During the early stages of development, the blastocyst derives nutritive materials from the uterus of the mother.

As a result, many muscles are controlled by nerves arising from various levels of the spinal cord, and so we sometimes feel pain at a site removed some distance from its source. T H E AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM The central and peripheral nervous systems are principally concerned with the control of skeletal or voluntary muscle and the interpretation of sensory impulses. The control of involuntary muscle, such as that found in the intestines, comes under the general control of the autonomic nervous system.

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